What Is Testosterone Therapy?

Male menopause occurs between the ages of 40 and 55 due to men becoming low on testosterone with age. Though the causes for low testosterone are highly complex and vary for the men (and women) who suffer from it, the fact is it’s a matter of reclaiming the joy in their lives.

The primary cause of low testosterone is when the testes produce less testosterone. Having low testosterone is a byproduct of complex physiological, hormonal, and chemical changes.

Low testosterone starts with a complex chain of signals that begins in the brain. This chain is called the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, which is where a very intricate physiological sequence of events is triggered. The production of two hormones from the pituitary gland and hypothalamus decrease, resulting in the Leydig cells of the testes manufacturing less testosterone.

What causes low testosterone?


These causes for low testosterone may come from damage to the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, or testicles inhibiting hormone production. Natural life events oftentimes makes this a difficult occurrence to avoid, be it age or other contributing factors.


The causes for low testosterone that occur in men can also be a result of one’s lifestyle. Lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, smoking, and excessive drinking are all causes of low testosterone that can sometimes be modified by changing one’s living habits. These factors are often responsible for some of the aforementioned gland damage.


Other reasons men may be low on testosterone include poor circulation and hypertension. Use of prescription or non-prescription medications may also be a cause of low testosterone. Psychological problems, too, are believed in some circles to possibly cause a man to suffer low testosterone, although there is arguably no consensus on this.

Although the causes for low testosterone vary and many of them may be out of one’s control, remedies in the form of testosterone replacement therapy do exist. These remedies consist of boosting a man low on testosterone to a normal testosterone level, thereby hopefully alleviating any symptoms from which he was suffering.

Fortunately, clear steps can be taken to remedy the situation of a man being low on testosterone, thus reducing unwanted sexual and physical problems in one’s second half of life.

What is Testosterone Replacement Therapy?

TRT, as it is also known, is a variant of Hormone Replacement Therapy that deals specifically with testosterone and involves elevating the “T” level of an individual by applying testosterone to the individual’s bloodstream.

Among the candidates for therapy are those who suspect themselves to be testosterone deficient. Though there is not a universally accepted number that indicates abnormally low testosterone, though most physicians agree that a “normal” level will range between 300 and 1000 nanograms per deciliter.

Methods of Therapy

There are multiple options available to those who believe themselves to be deficient and in need of therapy. Among these options is oral therapy (pills and/or dissolving strips). However, sometimes this method is discouraged because it is widely believed to be ineffective for increasing “T” levels and because these pills have been linked to complications of the liver. Some choose the topical application route (gels, creams, deodorant-like sticks, etc.). Also available to candidates are testosterone pellets that can be implanted in the body. Perhaps the most common (and believed to be the most effective) method of therapy is injections that introduce testosterone directly into the bloodstream.

Is Low T Therapy Important?

The symptoms of Low T can range from mild to severe. On the more severe side, recent studies have discovered a possible association between low testosterone and an increased rate of mortality. With these things in mind, it is important that a person who believes themselves (or a loved one) to be testosterone deficient consult a physician to schedule a blood test. With a simple blood test, a doctor can determine whether or not the patient’s hormone levels are a cause for concern and whether or not the patient is a candidate for therapy.